Heat Injuries

Heat Injuries

CRAMPS: Occur after several hours of physical exertion in the heat.
Symptoms: Painful muscle spasms usually in the legs or abdomen.

  • Get out of the heat and into the shade
  • Hydrate with water or sports drink
  • Stretch/massage the muscle


  • Acclimatize to the environment so your body adapts to the heat
  • Hydrate with water or sports drink before & during exercise
  • Avoid exercising during hottest part of the day
  • Wear light, loose clothing & use sunscreen

HEAT EXHAUSTION: Due to loss of water & salt through sweat

Symptoms: Headache, nausea, dizziness, weakness, and cool, clammy skin.


  • Stop and rest
  • Hydrate and get into a cool room or shade
  • Loosen clothing and apply cool wet towels or pour cool water over the head

Prevention: Same as heat cramp prevention

HEAT STROKE: A serious condition when the body’s cooling system stops working and core temperature rises to dangerous levels. If ignored, heat stroke can lead to death.


  • Red, hot and dry skin
  • Rapid but weak pulse
  • Rapid but shallow breathing
  • Confusion, faintness, staggering, hallucinations
  • Unusual agitation or coma


  • Reduce body temperature by cooling the body
  • Remove unnecessary clothing
  • Apply water, cool air, wet sheets or ice on the neck, groin & armpits to accelerate cooling
  • Seek medical attention immediately

Prevention: Same procedure concerning heat cramps or heat exhaustion




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